Brassicas

B. oleracea and B. napus

There are two important Brassica species cultivated in Europe that constitute the Brassica flagship crop, all associated with the same group of CWRs. 

B. oleracea, to which belong the most common Brassica vegetable crops (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and kale). Cultivation of these covers 12.5% of the fresh vegetable production area in Europe. The various Brassica vegetable types have high nutritional value and are consumed in many different European countries in many different varieties. They are cool temperature crops that are harvested year-round, and increasingly suffering from drought and heat stress, next to continuous disease pressures.

Then there is oilseed rape or rapeseed  – B. napus –  a natural hybrid between B. oleracea and B. rapa. This is the 2nd most produced oilseed globally, with Europe being the principal producer and consumer. Even though it is mostly grown as a winter annual crop, it increasingly suffers from drought and disease stresses, limiting crop yields.

lead by UNICT